is Hilary Burrage's website to
- *promote information and opinion from and by campaigners, researchers and writers*
who share her concern to eradicate female genital mutilation (FGM) in the UK and beyond. Potential contributors are invited to email Hilary to discuss proposals for this website.
Most of the articles on female genital mutilation (FGM) below are generously contributed by expert guest contributors with particular professional or personal knowledge and experience.
Hilary Burrage (editor of this website) has also posted many pieces on aspects of FGM, in conjunction with research for her books, Eradicating Female Genital Mutilation: A UK Perspective (a textbook) and Female Mutilation (narratives from survivors and campaigners globally). To read more about FGM, please see here: Hilary Burrage / FGM.
Julie Barton writes:
Isuroon’s inaugural “Safe Mothers, Safe Newborns” conference will bring together highly influential women and men from the Twin Cities, Somalia and other countries worldwide. Included in the speakers is Jaha Dukureh, the #EndFGM advocate. Together, we will address the pivotal need to improve Somali maternal and child health care, and acknowledge Isuroon’s critical work optimizing the health and resilience of Somali women and their newborn children.
Safe Mothers, Safe Newborns, an Isuroon Event, will be held on Thursday, November 12, 2015 9:00 am to 5:00 pm at the Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota, 301-19th Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Over the decades, clitoridectomy (female genital mutilation – FGM*) has been part and parcel of way of life for some several communities here in Africa and various other parts of the world. Some of the societies are engaged to the affair as a form of control, whilst for others it is for initiation from childhood to adulthood. *See Statement on FGM
My main focus here is Kenya. FGM hotspots in Kenya are mostly within the pastoralist communities. This is due to isolation from civilization and also lack of attention from the authorities. Most notable amongst these communities are the Maasai, Samburu, Turkana and Pokot.
Kameel Ahmady is a British-Iranian social anthropologist who has worked in international development. This Report is the result of a decade-long field study on female genital mutilation (FGM) which he undertook in Iran.
Ahmady’s comprehensive study investigates, explores, and analyses the existence of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in Iran. FGM is prevalence in four West Azerbaijan, provinces of Kurdistan, Kermanshah, and Hormozgan. FGM is a longstanding ritual which continues to violate aspects of women’s sexual rights. It prevails in societies because of certain beliefs, norms, attitudes, and political and economic systems. While there is some data available on FGM in Iran, it has been limited in scope.
The term ‘female genital mutilation’ was adopted in 1990 by the Inter-African Committee (IAC) on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children, and in 1991 the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that the United Nations adopt it as well. It has now been confirmed by the United Nations and the World Health Organisation. The turning point in this debate was the Bamako Declaration of 6 April 2005, issued by the sixth General Assembly of the IAC, in Mali.
It is important to acknowledge the Bamako message, an edited (abbreviated) version of which follows:
What follows is the text of Dr Karen Ellison’s thesis on legal and medical issues around female genital mutilation in Britain, published in September 2013.
This is a very valuable contribution to developments in the field of UK medical-legal aspects of FGM, and is re-published here with Dr Ellison’s permission.
Karen Ellison can be contacted here.
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